Preventing Rear-End Crashes

Two semi trucks driving in the desert



  • Slippery road conditions
  • Poor visibility
  • Loss of traction
  • Traffic congestion
  • Brakes out of adjustment


  • Speeding
  • Tailgating/following too closely
  • Distractions
    • Visual – Looking at anything other than the road ahead
    • Manual – Taking one or both hands off the wheel for any reason other than shifting
    • Mental – Focusing on anything other thank driving
  • Improper reaction
  • Aggressive driving
  • Operating the vehicle while under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol


Maintain proper following distance

  • Minimum six-second following distance.
  • Add one second of following distance for each hazard present.

Observe proper speed for conditions

  • Drive 2-3 mph below the posted speed limit.
  • Adjust speed based on hazards present.

Avoid distractions inside the cab and out

  • Put away the cell phone.
  • Send calls to voicemail.
  • Eat/drink before starting the trip.
  • Resolve work/family issues before driving.
  • Program devices before leaving.

Be attentive to the road ahead

  • Look for slowing traffic ahead.
  • Make quick glances to mirrors and road signs.

React properly to hazards

  • At the first sign of vehicles slowing ahead, get off the accelerator and apply controlled braking.
  • Avoid abrupt lane changes by allowing sufficient stopping distance.
  • Pull over and park if feeling distracted or conditions are too hazardous.

Note: These lists are not intended to be all-inclusive.

The information in this article is provided as a courtesy of Great West Casualty Company and is part of the Value-Driven® Company program. Value-Driven Company was created to help educate and inform insureds so they can make better decisions, build a culture that values safety, and manage risk more effectively. To see what additional resources Great West Casualty Company can provide for its insureds, please contact your safety rep, or click here to find an agent.    

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© Copyright Great West Casualty Company 2017. The material in this publication is the property of Great West Casualty Company unless otherwise noted and may not be reproduced without its written consent by any person other than a current insured of Great West Casualty Company for business purposes. Insured should attribute use as follows: “Used with permission by Great West Casualty Company.”

This material is intended to be a broad overview of the subject matter and is provided for informational purposes only. Great West Casualty Company does not provide legal advice to its insureds, nor does it advise insureds on employment-related issues. Therefore, the subject matter is not intended to serve as legal or employment advice for any issue(s) that may arise in the operations of its insureds. Legal advice should always be sought from the insured’s legal counsel. Great West Casualty Company shall have neither liability nor responsibility to any person or entity with respect to any loss, action, or inaction alleged to be caused directly or indirectly as a result of the information contained herein.

Filed Under:

Drivers, Preventing Crashes




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